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Government VIC, Local Government

IBAC’s Operation Sandon uncovers serious corruption risks in Victoria’s planning system

Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission 3 mins read

Today the Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission (IBAC) tabled a special report in Parliament that exposes corruption vulnerabilities in Victoria’s planning decision-making processes at both state and local government levels.

IBAC’s Operation Sandon investigated allegations of corrupt conduct involving councillors and property developers in the City of Casey (Casey Council) in Melbourne’s South-East. It examined whether any councillors accepted payments, gifts, or other benefits, including political donations, in exchange for supporting council decisions on planning matters that favoured the interests of developer and property consultant John Woodman and his clients.

IBAC found clear evidence of two Councillors accepting personal benefits from making or influencing council decisions related to planning or land use. Operation Sandon also demonstrated that, as a group, councillors in Casey Council exhibited and tolerated behaviour that did not meet the standards required of them.

IBAC’s investigation was primarily concerned with four planning matters involving John Woodman and his associates. Each matter involved Casey Council as the decision maker, and two required the planning minister’s approval. IBAC examined the conduct of public officers and elected officials from state and local governments.

IBAC found that councillors Sam Aziz and Geoff Ablett promoted John Woodman’s and his clients’ interests on council in exchange for payment and in-kind support. Both councillors failed to declare conflicts of interest in relation to their involvement with John Woodman or his companies on many occasions. IBAC did not find that other councillors received a direct benefit in exchange for promoting John Woodman’s or his clients’ interests on council.

IBAC Acting Commissioner Stephen Farrow said planning decisions have an impact on the liveability of all Victorians, so it is vital that such decisions be protected from improper influence and corruption.

“We found that safeguards around deciding whether to amend a planning scheme were bypassed,” Acting Commissioner Farrow said.

“The planning amendments we looked at as part of this operation reached the desks of decision makers in local and state government, without strategic reasons for their implementation.”

“The investigation demonstrated how ministers, members of parliament, councillors, ministerial advisers and electorate officers may be targeted by lobbyists, and how limitations in the current regulation of lobbyists present corruption vulnerabilities.”

As a result of Operation Sandon, IBAC has made 34 recommendations to promote transparency in planning decisions; enhance donation and lobbying regulation; improve the accountability of ministerial advisers and electorate officers and strengthen council governance.

IBAC highlighted several of the risks found in this investigation in its 2022 special report, Corruption risks associated with donations and lobbying. Together with the 34 recommendations in this specialreport, these recommendations are designed to ensure the Victorian public can have confidence that planning decisions are made in the interests of the community.

These reforms are significant and wide-reaching. As a result, IBAC recommends the establishment of an Implementation Inter-departmental Taskforce, to be chaired by the Department of Premier and Cabinet, which will coordinate the implementation of IBAC’s recommendations.

“IBAC has recommended that the Premier report publicly on the action taken in response to the relevant recommendations by 27 January 2025. IBAC has also requested the Minister for Local Government, the Minister for Planning and the relevant departments report to IBAC on the implementation of their relevant recommendations within 12 months. We will follow up with all key stakeholders to monitor adoption of these recommendations to address the risks identified in IBAC’s investigation,” Acting Commissioner Farrow said.

In 2020, the entire Casey Council was sacked by the Victorian Government, in part due to IBAC’s investigation. The next scheduled opportunity for residents to elect their local government representatives in that municipality is in 2024.

IBAC's Operation Sandon special report and summaries of findings and recommendations are available on our website.


About us:

IBAC is Victoria's agency responsible for preventing and exposing public sector corruption and police misconduct. To report corruption or misconduct now, visit or call 1300 735 135.

Contact details: / 0427 480 840

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