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CDU EXPERT: Dangers of using ChatGPT for legal advice

Charles Darwin University < 1 mins read

13 February 2024

Now that it has been proved that ChatGPT can pass a Bar exam in the US, can it be used to replace lawyers and help with legal queries? Former legislative drafter and CDU Associate Professor Guzyal Hill, Law Discipline, Faculty of Arts and Society, is available to comment.  

Associate Professor Guzyal Hill, PhD (Law), Charles Darwin University

Contact details: +61 8 8946 6721 or email us at to arrange an interview.

The following quotes can be attributed to Associate Professor Guzyal Hill:

“As tempting as it is, ChatGPT should not be used for legal advice. The chatbot is based on predicting text based on probability. The majority of text ChatGPT was trained on does not come from Australia. The Australian legal system is different to the US. There are also important differences between jurisdictions; for example, Northern Territory and New South Wales have vast differences in criminal law.”

“It is unlawful to provide legal advice without a practising certificate across all Australian jurisdictions. For example, in New South Wales, the maximum penalty for engaging in unqualified legal practice is a fine of 250 penalty units [$27,500] or imprisonment for 2 years or both, in accordance with section 10 of the Legal Profession Uniform Law 2014 (NSW).”

“The main dangers of using ChatGPT for legal advice are in sharing personal information, acting on hallucination or simply wrong advice.”

Contact details:

Raphaella Saroukos she/her
Communications Officer
Marketing, Media & Communications
Larrakia Country
T: +61 8 8946 6721

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