Skip to content
Environment

Research unlocks potential of robots to revolutionise construction waste recycling

Monash University 2 mins read
Construction waste arrives at a facility where workers are waiting to pick through the pile

There was no time to waste as researchers trawled through skip bins across Melbourne construction sites, capturing hundreds of photos of materials destined for landfill. 

Now, in new research that could revolutionise the way construction waste materials are processed and recycled, they used the images to train deep learning (DL) and artificial intelligence (AI) to recognise vast array of materials and particles in mixed waste that comes from construction sites. 

Led by Monash PhD candidate Diani Sirimewan, from the Automation and Sustainability in Construction and Intelligent Infrastructure (ASCII) Lab in Civil Engineering, the study paves the way for the use of advanced robotics and automation for construction waste processing, which currently relies on workers to manually pick through dangerous and potentially contaminated waste.

The computer-based system can identify and categorise recyclable materials more accurately and efficiently than human workers and is even capable of detecting contaminants, which can pose risks to the community and the environment as seen in the investigation into asbestos-contaminated garden mulch found recently in Sydney parklands.

While many of the materials such as timber and glass are potentially recyclable, sorting debris from demolition and construction sites is complex and challenging, and significant advances have been limited to domestic waste that cannot distinguish between multiple cluttered waste items. Ms Sirimewan believes her research is the first to capture detailed images of dense CRD waste inside bins on construction sites, enabling her to build significantly advanced recognition and detection models capable of recognising waste that is almost completely buried among other rubbish and tiny contaminant particles.

Ms Sirimewan is working closely with colleagues who are trialling the technology using simulation with robotic arms and hopes it will spur investment in robotics R&D and automation to improve the efficiency of construction waste processing and recycling in Australia.

“Our deep learning models showed the remarkable ability to recognise the composition of construction and demolition waste streams, including the identification of contaminants,” Ms Sirimewan said.

“It’s exciting. The technology could significantly reduce the volume of waste sent to landfills through better-quality recycling - benefiting the environment and reducing the need for workers to be exposed to dangerous and toxic materials.

“We are continually refining our models for application in new robotic technologies and working closely with colleagues who are trialling it through the simulation of robotic arms.”

Ms Sirimewan said Australia urgently needs construction waste recycling plants.

“With the volume of landfill from construction waste expected to balloon, its effective management is a growing problem,” Ms Sirimewan said.

“Investment in the entire construction waste management ecosystem supports a circular economy, job creation, manufacturing opportunities and market development opportunities for recycled products.”

Head of the ASCII Lab, Associate Professor Mehrdad Arashpour, said it is in the national interest to support the innovation of much-needed solutions to the growing waste management problem.

“Every time we demolish or renovate a building or construct something new, a huge amount of waste material is generated,” Associate Professor Arashpour said.

“Currently, most of these materials go to waste and end up in landfill, which has significant environmental impacts, not to mention the loss of potentially reusable resources and economic costs.”

The research was published in the Journal of Environmental Management.

doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2023.119908

-ENDS-

MEDIA ENQUIRIES:

Courtney Karayannis, Senior Media Adviser
Monash University
T: +61 408 508 454 or Courtney.Karayannis@monash.edu

Visit Monash Lens for the latest expert insights and commentary 

Monash University Media    |    +613 9903 4840    |    media@monash.edu

Media

More from this category

  • Community, Environment
  • 24/04/2024
  • 10:27
City of Sydney

Sydney Park greener and more accessible than ever

Sydney Park now has nearly 200 new native trees, more electric barbecues, picnic areas, seating and toilets after the City of Sydney’s major rectification…

  • Contains:
  • Environment, Finance Investment
  • 24/04/2024
  • 09:12
La Trobe University

La Trobe to purchase all renewable energy as it heads to Net Zero 2029

La Trobe University will purchase 100 per cent renewable energy as part of its commitment to be Net Zero by 2029. The University has entered into a Power Purchasing Agreement (PPA) with global energy leader Iberdrola, enabling it to purchase electricity from a renewable source, and by 2028 all electricity purchased will be 100 per cent emissions-free. The agreement paves the way for La Trobe to eliminate its single largest source of emissions. La Trobe’s Vice-Chancellor, Professor Theo Farrell, said the agreement was part of the University’s ongoing commitment to being a sustainable leader, and is funded by its Sustainable…

  • Environment
  • 24/04/2024
  • 08:00
Engineers Australia

Government’s circular economy initiatives a significant step towards sustainability

Engineers Australia has welcomed the release of the Australian Government's Circular Economy Ministerial Advisory Group (CEMAG) Interim Report and the Environmentally Sustainable Procurement Policy (ESPP) as a significant step towards sustainability. “These initiatives aim to create tangible benefits for everyday Australians. By transitioning to a circular economy and environmentally sustainable procurement, we are safeguarding our planet for future generations while driving economic prosperity for everyone,” said Engineers Australia CEO Romilly Madew AO. The Environmentally Sustainable Procurement Policy, which takes effect on July 1, aims to ensure that government officials purchase goods and services that are environmentally friendly, reducing greenhouse gas…

  • Contains:

Media Outreach made fast, easy, simple.

Feature your press release on Medianet's News Hub every time you distribute with Medianet. Pay per release or save with a subscription.